The U.S. Embassy in Panama City provides consular services to U.S. Citizens throughout Panama.
What Service Do You Require?
Apply for Citizenship
Persons over 18 years of age who were born in Panama to a biological U.S. citizen parent/s may have acquired U.S. citizenship at birth.
Acquisition of U.S. citizenship at birth is based on several factors such as: marital status of the biological parents, the laws in effect at the time of birth, and the number of years that the U.S. citizen parent lived in the U.S. prior to the birth. In general (several exceptions may apply), a child may have acquired U.S. citizenship at birth if:
- The child was born out of wedlock on or after December 24, 1952 to a U.S. citizen mother, if the mother was physically present continuously for 1 year in the United States at any time prior to the birth of the child.
- The child was born on after November 14, 1986 and one of the parents was a U.S. citizen at the time of the birth and the parent was physically present in the U.S. for at least 5 years prior to the birth of the child, at least 2 of which were after the parent/s 14th birthday.
- The child was born before November 14, 1986 and one of the parents was a U.S. citizen at the time of the birth and the parent was physically present in the U.S. for at least 10 years prior to the birth of the child, at least 5 years of which were after the parent/s 14th birthday.
- The child was born after May 24, 1934 and both parents were U.S. citizens, the child may have acquired citizenship at birth if one parent resided in the United States prior to the birth.
To start a claim for citizenship you will need to schedule an appointment (for passport services) and gather and bring the following information:
- Complete DS-11 Form (passport application) and DS-2029 form (Report of Birth Abroad)
- Applicant’s valid Panamanian I.D card or passport (plus a photocopy).
- Applicant’s Panamanian birth certificate that includes the names of your parents (plus a photocopy). The free certificates provided by the Civil Registry are not acceptable.
- A valid or certified copy of your parent’s marriage certificate (plus a photocopy).
- A valid or certified copy of your parent’s divorce, annulment or death certificate (plus a photocopy).
- Original or certified copy of your parent’s birth certificate, passport and or naturalization certificate (plus a photocopy).
- A valid or certified copy of your parent’s passport or identification card (plus a photocopy).
Proof of parent/s physical presence in the U.S. prior to your birth. Please keep in mind that the consular officer may ask for additional information and/or documents. It will facilitate your case if you present the evidence of physical presence in a chronological and orderly fashion. The burden of proof to present the required evidence is on the applicant.
On the day of your appointment, a US$145 dollar non-refundable processing fee will be charged
Please keep in mind that these types of cases may require additional review which can take several weeks.
You have 90 days to present the required documents and complete the process from the date in which you filed the passport application.
If it is determined that you acquired U.S. citizenship you will receive a U.S. passport in approximately three weeks and will have all the rights and obligations of a U.S. citizen.
Transmission of citizenship in out-of-wedlock cases: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the Sessions v. Morales-Santana case that for children born on or after June 12, 2017, the U.S. citizen parent, regardless of his or her gender, must demonstrate five years of physical presence before the child’s birth, at least two years of which must occur after the parent reaches age 14.
A consular officer will inform you, verbally and in writing, of the decision regarding your child’s application. If a parent has not accrued sufficient physical presence in the U.S. to transmit his/her U.S. citizenship to the child, the child will be denied a Consular Report of Birth Abroad. Options to still obtain U.S. citizenship for the child then include:
- The U.S. citizen parent may file an immigrant visa petition for the child. If the child is approved an immigrant visa and enters the U.S. on this visa before turning 18 years old, he/she will automatically become a U.S. citizen upon fulfillment of certain conditions (under the Child Citizenship Act of 2000). For more information please visit the U.S. Embassy Panama website and the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.
- Under certain circumstances U.S. citizen grandparents of the child may add their time in the United States to the time of the U.S. citizen biological parent so the child may naturalize. This is under Section 322 of the Immigration and Naturalization Act and is adjudicated by a U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) office in the United States. For more information on this procedure please visit the USCIS website and the N-600K, Application for Citizenship and Issuance of Certificate Under Section 322.
Administrative Processing of Request for Certificate of Loss of Nationality.
For information regarding renunciation of U.S. citizenship, click here.
Please note that it takes at least 8-16 weeks to receive the approval of a renunciation from Washington. The U.S. passport will remain in your possession until you receive approval of your renunciation of U.S. Citizenship.
To schedule an appointment for the initial interview, applicants should send an email to Panama-ACS@state.gov. Please note that due to the complexity of the renunciation process, applicants may not make an appointment for a renunciation interview via our website. The fee for renunciation of U.S. Citizenship is of $2,350.00 USD.