Citizenship Services

The U.S. Embassy in Panama City provides consular services to U.S. Citizens throughout Panama.

What Service Do You Require?

Persons over 18 years of age who were born in Panama to a biological U.S. citizen parent/s may have acquired U.S. citizenship at birth.

Acquisition of U.S. citizenship at birth is based on several factors such as: marital status of the biological parents, the laws in effect at the time of birth, and the number of years that the U.S. citizen parent lived in the U.S. prior to the birth. In general (several exceptions may apply), a child may have acquired U.S. citizenship at birth if:

  1. The child was born out of wedlock on or after December 24, 1952 to a U.S. citizen mother, if the mother was physically present continuously for 1 year in the United States at any time prior to the birth of the child.
  2. The child was born on after November 14, 1986 and one of the parents was a U.S. citizen at the time of the birth and the parent was physically present in the U.S. for at least 5 years prior to the birth of the child, at least 2 of which were after the parent/s 14th birthday.
  3. The child was born before November 14, 1986 and one of the parents was a U.S. citizen at the time of the birth and the parent was physically present in the U.S. for at least 10 years prior to the birth of the child, at least 5 years of which were after the parent/s 14th birthday.
  4. The child was born after May 24, 1934 and both parents were U.S. citizens, the child may have acquired citizenship at birth if one parent resided in the United States prior to the birth.

To start a claim for citizenship you will need to schedule an appointment (for passport services) and gather and bring the following information:

  1. Complete DS-11 Form (passport application) and DS-2029 form (Report of Birth Abroad)
  2. Applicant’s valid Panamanian I.D card or passport (plus a photocopy).
  3. Applicant’s Panamanian birth certificate that includes the names of your parents (plus a photocopy). The free certificates provided by the Civil Registry are not acceptable.
  4. A valid or certified copy of your parent’s marriage certificate (plus a photocopy).
  5. A valid or certified copy of your parent’s divorce, annulment or death certificate (plus a photocopy).
  6. Original or certified copy of your parent’s birth certificate, passport and or naturalization certificate (plus a photocopy).
  7. A valid or certified copy of your parent’s passport or identification card (plus a photocopy).

Proof of parent/s physical presence in the U.S. prior to your birth. Please keep in mind that the consular officer may  ask for additional information and/or documents. It will facilitate your case if you present the evidence of physical presence in a chronological and orderly fashion. The burden of proof to present the required evidence is on the applicant.

On the day of your appointment, a US$145 dollar non-refundable processing fee will be charged

Please keep in mind that these types of cases may require additional review which can take several weeks.

You have 90 days to present the required documents and complete the process from the date in which you filed the passport application.

If it is determined that you acquired U.S. citizenship you will receive a U.S. passport in approximately three weeks and will have all the rights and obligations of a U.S. citizen.

Transmission of citizenship in out-of-wedlock cases:  The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the Sessions v. Morales-Santana case that for children born on or after June 12, 2017, the U.S. citizen parent, regardless of his or her gender, must demonstrate five years of physical presence before the child’s birth, at least two years of which must occur after the parent reaches age 14.

A consular officer will inform you, verbally and in writing, of the decision regarding your child’s application. If a parent has not accrued sufficient physical presence in the U.S. to transmit his/her U.S. citizenship to the child, the child will be denied a Consular Report of Birth Abroad. Options to still obtain U.S. citizenship for the child then include:

  • The U.S. citizen parent may file an immigrant visa petition for the child. If the child is approved an immigrant visa and enters the U.S. on this visa before turning 18 years old, he/she will automatically become a U.S. citizen upon fulfillment of certain conditions  (under the Child Citizenship Act of 2000). For more information please visit the U.S. Embassy Panama website and the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.
  • Under certain circumstances U.S. citizen grandparents of the child may add their time in the United States to the time of the U.S. citizen biological parent so the child may naturalize. This is under Section 322 of the Immigration and Naturalization Act and is adjudicated by a U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) office in the United States. For more information on this procedure please visit the USCIS website and the N-600K, Application for Citizenship and Issuance of Certificate Under Section 322.

Administrative Processing of Request for Certificate of Loss of Nationality.

For information regarding renunciation of U.S. citizenship, click here.

Please note that it takes at least 8-16 weeks to receive the approval of a renunciation from Washington. The U.S. passport will remain in your possession until you receive approval of your renunciation of U.S. Citizenship.

To schedule an appointment for the initial interview, applicants should send an email to Panama-ACS@state.gov.  Please note that due to the complexity of the renunciation process, applicants may not make an appointment for a renunciation interview via our website. The fee for renunciation of U.S. Citizenship is of $2,350.00 USD.

The information once you click in the drop window follows:

Generally, immediate family members may accompany passport or CRBA applicants to their appointment interviews at a U.S. embassy or consulate, and all minor children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. Passport or CRBA applicants also have the option of being accompanied by an attorney at their appointment interview. Attendance by any third party, including an attorney, accompanying an applicant is subject to the following parameters designed to ensure an orderly appointment interview process and to maintain the integrity of the adjudication of the application(s):

  • Given space limitations in the consular section, not more than one attendee at a time will be allowed to accompany an applicant (or the applicant’s parent or
    guardian if the applicant is a minor).
  • Attendance by an attorney does not excuse the applicant and/or the minor applicant’s parent or guardian from attending the appointment interview in
    person.
  • The manner in which a passport or CRBA appointment interview is conducted,
    and the scope and nature of the inquiry, shall at all times be at the discretion of the consular officer, following applicable Departmental guidance.
  • It is expected that attorneys will provide their clients with relevant legal advice prior to, rather than at, the appointment interview, and will advise their clients prior to the appointment interview that the client will participate in the appointment interview with minimal assistance.
  • Attorneys may not engage in any form of legal argumentation during the
    appointment interview and before the consular officer.
  • Attendees other than a parent or guardian accompanying a minor child may not answer a consular officer’s question on behalf or in lieu of an applicant, nor may they summarize, correct, or attempt to clarify an applicant’s response, or interrupt or interfere with an applicant’s responses to a consular officer’s
    questions.
  • To the extent that an applicant does not understand a question, s/he should seek clarification from the consular officer directly.
  • The consular officer has sole discretion to determine the appropriate language(s) for communication with the applicant, based on the facility of both officer and applicant and the manner and form that best facilitate communication between the consular officer and the applicant. Attendees may not demand that communications take place in a particular language solely for the benefit of the attendee. Nor may attendees object to or insist on the participation of an interpreter in the appointment interview, to the qualifications of any interpreter, or to the manner or substance of any translation.
  • No attendee may coach or instruct applicants as to how to answer a consular
    officer’s question.
  • Attendees may not object to a consular officer’s question on any ground
    (including that the attendee regards the question to be inappropriate, irrelevant, or adversarial), or instruct the applicant not to answer a consular officer’s question. Attendees may not interfere in any manner with the consular officer’s ability to conduct all inquiries and fact-finding necessary to exercise his or her responsibilities to adjudicate the application.
  • During a passport or CRBA appointment interview, attendees may not discuss or inquire about other applications.
  • Attendees may take written notes, but may not otherwise record the appointment interviews.
  • Attendees may not engage in any other conduct that materially disrupts the
    appointment interview. For example, they may not yell at or otherwise attempt to intimidate or abuse a consular officer or staff, and they may not engage in any conduct that threatens U.S. national security or the security of the embassy or its personnel. Attendees must follow all security policies of the Department of State and the U.S. embassy or consulate where the appointment interview takes place.

Attendees may not engage in any conduct that violates this policy and/or otherwise materially disrupts the appointment interview. Failure to observe these parameters will result in a warning to the attendee and, if ignored, the attendee may be asked to leave the appointment interview and/or the premises, as appropriate. It would then be the applicant’s choice whether to continue the appointment interview without the attendee present, subject to the consular officer’s discretion to terminate the appointment interview. The safety and privacy of all applicants awaiting consular services, as well as of consular and embassy personnel, is of paramount consideration.